Sprint Telecommunications Venture, a partnership of Sprint Corp. made the initial phone-call to launch the network, calling Mayor Kurt Schmoke in Baltimore.
and three large cable-TV companies, owned 49 percent of APC. One factor in the slow take-up of SMS was that operators were slow to set up charging systems, especially for prepaid subscribers, and to eliminate billing fraud, which was possible by changing SMSC settings on individual handsets to use the SMSCs of other operators.
As of 2017, text messages are used by youth and adults for personal, family and social purposes and in business.
Governmental and non-governmental organizations use text messaging for communication between colleagues.
Sitting at a typewriter at home, Hillebrand typed out random sentences and counted every letter, number, punctuation, and space.